The UK Political Parties’ Stances on LGBTQ+ Rights: A 2024 General Election Breakdown

As the 2024 General Election approaches, the focus on policies affecting the LGBTQ+ community has never been more critical. With weeks to go, here’s a comprehensive look at the main UK political parties and their positions on LGBTQ+ rights, as explained by Sam Courtney-Guy.


Under the Conservative leadership, significant reforms have been made, such as the introduction of same-sex marriage in 2013 and easing blood donation rules for men who have sex with men in 2021. Last year, the party banned conversion therapy for sexuality but controversially excluded trans people from this ban. They have also scrapped reforms to the Gender Recognition Act, supporting NHS reforms that ban trans people from single-sex wards. Despite their progressive moves in the past, recent actions, including accusations against asylum seekers pretending to be gay and distancing from LGBTQ+ advocacy groups like Stonewall, have raised concerns about their commitment to LGBTQ+ rights.


Labour has historically been a champion for LGBTQ+ rights, having repealed Section 28, introduced Civil Partnerships, and passed the Gender Recognition Act under Tony Blair, along with the Equality Act 2010 under Gordon Brown. They support a trans-inclusive ban on conversion therapy and promise to update the Gender Recognition Act while still requiring a medical diagnosis for legal gender changes. Labour supports sports bodies’ decisions on trans women in sports and backs NHS reforms banning trans people from single-sex wards, maintaining a cautious approach to fully self-identified gender changes.

Liberal Democrats

The Liberal Democrats are pushing for significant reforms, including recognizing non-binary identities in law and removing medical reports from the gender recognition process. They advocate for trans people’s access to all single-sex services, such as domestic abuse shelters, setting them apart from the Conservatives and Labour. Ed Davey’s leadership has seen clear pledges to expand trans rights, emphasizing equality and inclusivity.

Green Party

The Green Party firmly supports trans and non-binary rights, pledging to reform the Gender Recognition Act for easier legal gender changes and removing the need for a doctor’s diagnosis of gender dysphoria. They also promise to eliminate the spousal veto in gender recognition and criticize the lack of access to gendered services for trans people. Although their ambitions are clear, specific policy details remain vague.

Reform UK

Reform UK, led by Nigel Farage, takes a starkly different stance, vowing to ban what they term ‘transgender ideology’ and aiming to withdraw from the European Convention on Human Rights. They seek to replace the Equality Act and enforce single-sex facilities. Their proposals, including banning gender questioning and informing parents of under-16s about their children’s life decisions, are likely to face significant legal challenges due to free speech protections.

Our Analysis

The upcoming election sees a broad spectrum of policies regarding LGBTQ+ rights. The Conservatives and Labour present a mix of progressive and cautious approaches, while the Liberal Democrats and Greens push for more inclusive and far-reaching reforms. Reform UK, however, offers a more restrictive and legally contentious vision.

Real Voices

As the election draws near, it’s crucial for voters to consider how these policies will impact the LGBTQ+ community. Each party’s stance reveals their broader views on equality, inclusivity, and human rights, shaping the future for generations to come.


The 2024 General Election is a pivotal moment for LGBTQ+ rights in the UK. Understanding each party’s policies will help voters make informed decisions that align with their values and the needs of the community.